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Q&A Is page range inclusive or exclusive?

When writing a bibliography entry, if I want to cite pages 1 up to 10, including both 1 and 10 (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) should I write 1-10 or 1-11?

3 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Terry Price‭  ·  last activity 3y ago by manassehkatz‭

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Q&A Advice for indicating sources in tables

I'm writing a thesis about the Accords by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). If I put a table exactly from the Accords, I write in the table note "Source: BCBS (year)". If I start...

1 answer  ·  posted 4y ago by CarLaTeX‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by Monica Cellio‭

Question citations
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Q&A What's "fair use" for borrowing someone else's invented term?

Let's say I'm writing a sci-fi novel. I want to use a word which another writer has coined, which has become well-recognized outside the original book, for the name of an alien species in my story....

4 answers  ·  posted 12y ago by Lauren Ipsum‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by Amadeus‭

Question citations
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Q&A APA In text citations, with the same first author and one other author with the same surname

This seems to be a bit of a corner case. I have two articles, with the same first author, B. G. Cook. The first article has a second author, S. C. Cook. The other article has two other authors (G. ...

1 answer  ·  posted 4y ago by damned truths‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by Secespitus‭

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Q&A Copying Certain Information From A Official Website

Hey Guys I was researching on a assignment I have to submit to my university. When i was about to copy certain information i went under the "Terms of Use" seeing if i could copy the said informatio...

2 answers  ·  posted 6y ago by The Keeper‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A If you publish something, do people have to cite you by your surname?

If an author strongly wished to be referred to in other works by his or her given name, is there a way that the convention of referencing an author by last name could be broken?

1 answer  ·  posted 8y ago by Jacob Jones‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Having a character quote an entire stanza of a poem

I am working on a long form fiction item. In this one of the characters will quote the first stanza from a poem. Normally with speech, one opens quotes, adds the text, and closes quotes. However I ...

1 answer  ·  posted 8y ago by Matthew Brown aka Lord Matt‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Should quotation marks for titles of short works be included as part of link text?

In a hypertext document, when the title of a short work (which is enclosed in quotation marks) is a link should the quotation marks be included as part of the link text? Do common style guides gene...

2 answers  ·  posted 9y ago by Paul A. Clayton‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How can I get my students to better integrate their sources into their writing?

A common problem I observe in student papers the use of source material in a sequential as opposed to an integrated fashion. For example, the first paragraph will be based on source 1, the secon...

1 answer  ·  posted 10y ago by DQdlM‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How to quote from a foreign journal that has not been translated?

I need to quote from a journal written in Arabic. What should I do? Write it first in Arabic then followed by translation and indicating that it is my own translation (translated by author)? Can I ...

1 answer  ·  posted 11y ago by System‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How do I cite well known historical works?

If I'm writing a paper that uses well known historical sources, how would I cite them? Specifically, I'm referring to the United States Constitution and a speech delivered by Frederick Douglass. ...

1 answer  ·  posted 11y ago by Moshe‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000...

1 answer  ·  posted 11y ago by Karen‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Knowing When To Cite?

In my essay (specifically a recount essay of a moment in the past), my objective is to end with the discussion of Death as a being (because my recounted moment will be related to death). I'd like t...

2 answers  ·  posted 11y ago by jeremy‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Citing in a paper: one citation for two paragraphs?

I'm writing a short paper on macroeconomics; the professor gave us two tries, I submitted the first try, and now got my feedback. The feedback is: "The first paragraph could also deserve a referen...

1 answer  ·  posted 11y ago by Marie. P.‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Is it fine to use link shorteners for research paper citations?

I'm curious about the "properness" of using shortened links (a la bit.ly or tinyurl) in research papers. I haven't been able to find any sort of definitive reference about whether or not this is ac...

3 answers  ·  posted 12y ago by Hendy‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A When should one use a section sign (§)?

When I asked this on English.SE, the question was closed; it was suggested that I ask on Writers.SE instead. To be clear, I mean the section sign § (utf-8: 0xC2 0xA7), which is available via \S in ...

1 answer  ·  posted 12y ago by Warrick‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A In which sections of a research report is it appropriate to include citations?

I have been doing some research on citations and haven't been able to get a clear answer on this. When writing a project report, in which sections is it appropriate to include citations? In this...

3 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by henrie‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How to include external references when writing internal documentation?

In the IT industry, we often write a lot of technical documentation meant for internal use only. Those documents are often stored in an internal wiki and accessed when the need arises. The conten...

3 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Liquid‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Quote with attribution, but without saying that I'm quoting

I want to give credit to a source without stating their full title again, because the full title is a mouthful. Earlier in the paper, I had quoted them saying: "So-and-so states...[direct quotati...

2 answers  ·  posted 5y ago by Micah‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Do I quote the author or artist from a comic? MLA

I'm kind of confused on how to quote a scene in a comic/graphic novel. I understand that if you are quoting something that a character said, that you would do the usual (Author's Last name, Page ...

3 answers  ·  posted 5y ago by Lion‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How to write references?

I am writing a document for my project, and some information is from another website, I didn't copy the text but use their data, do I need to write that website in references? If so, how to? And t...

4 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Wenqi Guo‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Handling Dependencies in Essays

Suppose I'm writing an essay on topic A. My view on A, however, requires the reader to be familiar with certain aspects of other, perhaps seemingly unrelated, topics say B, C, and D. It is not reas...

1 answer  ·  posted 5y ago by Bernardo Meurer‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A How do I cite/reference multiple lines of cuneiform translations in MLA?

I have a text from the Nebonidus Harran inscriptions that I want to specifically reference in my paper. The quote looks like this: …(But) the sons of Babylon, Borsippa, 15. Nippur, Ur, Er...

1 answer  ·  posted 6y ago by Zachary‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A In a professional email you need to quote something from a business document. How do you write this?

This is in a professional email. I'm quoting from a business document that was sent to the person that I'm writing the email to. I need to clarify something, and to do so I need to quote from a se...

3 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by askaquestionduck‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Best practice for academic writing: write and cite or write first?

I'm an undergraduate student of psychology. My teachers assign writing assignments from time to time, and usually require some minimum of cited sources in APA format (as expected). When I start wr...

5 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Shokhet‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Pop star names and other famous people or characters

If I write a page about a current pop star that talks about what they're doing, that is a fact such as dedicating themselves to Satan or involved in witchcraft, can I be sued by them even though it...

2 answers  ·  posted 5y ago by Denise Raulerson‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Citing and typos

I am holding a book (novel) which I wish to cite, and I believe it has a typo. I do not know whether the typo was a spelling mistake in the original manuscript, or introduced during print. Other ed...

2 answers  ·  posted 5y ago by Galastel‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A MLA Background Research Paper: Noting a citation in the text?

I need to write a background research paper on a science fair experiment, but it needs to be formatted in MLA. I looked up some examples of a MLA essay and research paper but there seems to be some...

1 answer  ·  posted 7y ago by Sugarblob‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A how to cite CD-ROM resources (Turabian)

I have the PC Study Bible, which is a collection of resources (Bible versions, commentaries, &c.) bundled together and accessed via a special software program. How do I cite one of the resource...

1 answer  ·  posted 11y ago by zpletan‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Citation in AP style journalism

I'm writing feature articles and trying to adhere to AP style, but I'm not sure how to attribute a source. I'm familiar with academic citation (APA, MLA), but have never done this in journalism. W...

3 answers  ·  posted 13y ago by Caveatrob‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A How do I cite previously published print school newspapers on now online school newspaper?

I'm the adviser of a school newspaper that publishes exclusively online now. We have a page dedicated to revisiting the archives of our paper (60 years worth!). I cannot piece together how to prope...

1 answer  ·  posted 4y ago by TheChant‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Citing an unknown primary source?

I'm using an unknown primary source quote in my document. Harvey references it in this book: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=a2hnAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y However does not cite it. How do I cit...

1 answer  ·  posted 5y ago by Giacomo‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Citing Oracle documentations of Java

How can I properly cite an Oracle's documentation of the usage of certain APIs? For instance HashMap - Oracle Documentation I need to cite/reference this in my research paper, what is the best w...

1 answer  ·  posted 6y ago by NewbieCoder‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How does one cite a print chapter in a textbook without the exact page?

Example of citation: Doe, Jane. “The House.” World Literature. Ed. John Doe. New York: Penguin, 1986. 25-30. Print. What I have in the text is the quote from the chapter in the textbook, the quot...

1 answer  ·  posted 6y ago by System‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A How would you cite your own figure in MLA?

How would you cite a figure in MLA format if you are the author of it and the figure was not based off of any source?

1 answer  ·  posted 6y ago by Daren Liang‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Cite letter and article separately even though both are on the same webpage?

I am writing a formal research paper (for a competition called National History Day), using the Chicago citation style. I am using as a source this article. I would like to quote/reference the let...

1 answer  ·  posted 6y ago by heather‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Are citations the same as references in IEEE?

It appears that the word citation and references are use interchangeably. Are they the same thing? https://www.ieee.org/documents/ieeecitationref.pdf

1 answer  ·  posted 7y ago by User‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Which citation style do I use if I'm writing a religious book?

Should a self published book on a biblical topic, use MLA or Chicago citation styles? It'll be a persuasive writing on a biblical subject. I want to persuade the reader to my point of view but I k...

1 answer  ·  posted 8y ago by brewpixels‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Who do I cite as my source?

When you have multiple sources for information like a quote, which source do you use in your book or essay. The one you may have gotten from an authors work about what a particular individual said ...

2 answers  ·  posted 8y ago by brewpixels‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Tool to batch convert DOI to citations?

I'm looking for an (online) tool to convert a long list of DOI's (1000+) into citation information. There are several tools that let you enter one DOI at a time, such as doi2bib or Crossref but tho...

1 answer  ·  posted 8y ago by redfuse‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How to cite nonpersonal email

My boss cites email to him as "Private communication". I want to cite email from a subject matter expert to a number of individuals (of which I was not one in the original message). It is not pri...

1 answer  ·  posted 8y ago by user36800‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Adding links as foot notes

In my thesis, I have added some links as footnotes. I have seen it in some published papers also. But my supervisor tells me to not to add footnotes to them, but add citations. The links I have ad...

1 answer  ·  posted 7y ago by vigamage‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How do I cite or give credit to a statistic on a website?

I'm not even sure if I need to since I often see statistics on website and blog posts without a source. Do I need to? And how should I do it? From what I've seen when the source is mentioned, peop...

3 answers  ·  posted 9y ago by userrandomnums‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A How do I explain a lack of sufficient data in my essay?

In the essay that I'm writing, I claim that women are more likely to be victims of abduction than are men. As evidence, I cite a study on child abduction (the NISMART, if you must know) stating tha...

1 answer  ·  posted 9y ago by moonman239‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994...

1 answer  ·  posted 10y ago by Michael Markieta‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Research Paper Summary: How much should be citations versus original thought?

I'm finalizing a single-paragraph summary of a multi-page research paper for school and I was concerned when I noticed that most of my summary was in my own words. I mean that most of what I wrote ...

3 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Cam J‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A Correct way of Citing References in a writing a Non-Fiction book?

I am trying to write a non-fiction book about summarizing core computer science concepts. I plan to self publish this book through the Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing program. My target audience in...

2 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Wong Seng Wee‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations
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Q&A In-text Citations: Same Paragraph With 3-5 Authors

In nearing the completion of a piece of writing, a question has come up. With the APA format for referencing, consider the following example in a single paragraph. .... in the act of breathing ...

1 answer  ·  posted 4y ago by Steven‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A Citing a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute in MLA?

I am trying to cite in MLA (8e) WTO disputes. My paper references about 20 of these, so it is important to cite them efficiently. Here is an example source: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/di...

1 answer  ·  posted 4y ago by Caelan‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

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Q&A How to cite a statistic from a website using APA?

Most of my life I've used the MLA citation format when writing any sort of essays or research papers about difference topics. However recently I've been exploring different types of citation format...

0 answers  ·  posted 4y ago by Ski Mask‭  ·  last activity 4y ago by System‭

Question citations